Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus. Hysteroscopy can be either diagnostic or operative.
What is a diagnostic hysteroscopy?
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to diagnose problems of the uterus. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is also used to confirm results of other examinations, such as hysterosalpingography (HSG).
What is an operative hysteroscopy?
Operative hysteroscopy is used to correct an abnormal condition that has been detected during a diagnostic hysteroscopy.
Your doctor may perform a hysteroscopy to correct the following conditions of the uterus:
♦ Polyps and fibroids.
♦ Adhesions, also known as Asherman’s syndrome.
♦ Partitions in the uterus.
♦ An abnormal bleeding.
Endometrial ablation is one of the procedures in which a hysteroscope is used to destroy the uterine membrane for the treatment of severe bleeding.
Сompared with other, more invasive procedures, hysteroscopy may provide the following advantages:
♦ Shorter hospitalization
♦ Shorter recovery time
♦ Less traumatic
♦ Avoidance of hysterectomy
♦ Minimally invasive
Hysteroscopy is a relatively safe procedure. However, as with any type of surgery, complications are possible. With hysteroscopy, complications occur in less than 1 percent of cases and can include:
♦ Risks associated with anesthesia
♦ Heavy bleeding
♦ Injury to the cervix, uterus, bowel or bladder
♦ Intrauterine scarring
When should the procedure be performed?
Your doctor may recommend you to plan hysteroscopy for the first week after menstruation.