Geneticist is a specialist in the field of heredity, studying the processes associated with the transfer of genetic information to the offspring, as well as violations in the human body due to the manifestation of mutations.Advising a geneticist helps to identify and prevent the risk of possible pathological abnormalities in fetal development, which are inherited.
Consultation with geneticist before pregnancy.
A qualified consultation on heredity is needed at the stage of pregnancy planning. It is worth to check up yourself with geneticist even when potential parents do not have visual signs of genetic and other diseases or pathologies. The genetic survey of the spouses is conducted to detect possible hidden hereditary and other diseases that can be passed on to the offspring, which will exclude future parents from a risk group for different pathologies.
Indications for the prenatal genetic counseling:
- Age of the pregnant woman – 35 years or more. Age of a man 40 years or more.
- One of the spouses with hereditary pathology, chromosome alteration or congenital disorders.
- The presence of living or dead children in the family with:
♦ hereditary or chromosomal pathology;
♦ congenital malformations – isolated or multiple;
♦ mental retardation;
- Presence of the aforementioned pathology among relatives.
- Kinship marriage or incest.
- Usual miscarriage of unidentified genesis.
- Unfavorable aspects in the early stages of pregnancy (illness, diagnostic or medical procedures, drug use).
- Complicated pregnancy (threatened miscarriage in early terms that is not suitable for therapy, oligohydramnion, hydramnion).
- Pregnant after ART (assisted reproductive technology).
- Fetal pathology revealed during prenatal screening (ultrasound, biochemical markers, high individual genetic risk of chromosomal origin and some congenital pathology).
- Harmful working conditions of one of the spouses.
Genetic services for a family with reproductive losses and infertility are provided when it is established such indications:
- Anomalies of external and internal genital organs in conjunction with other congenital malformations (or without them);
- Pathology of puberty (premature, delayed, disharmony puberty);
- Primary and secondary amenorrhea;
- Pathology of the ejaculate, which is not related to the inflammatory or oncological process;
- Congenital aplasia of the ejaculatory ducts;
- Primary and secondary infertility, which is not related to the inflammatory or oncological processes;
- Cases of spontaneous abortion at any time during pregnancy, anembryonic pregnancy, stillbirth;
- Established chromosomal pathology in one or both members of a married couple.